Chapter 1. How the conditioned mind received a power over human being

The problems of safety and fear Psychological and physical time.
The mind – is thought, thought – is time… 
The ideal – the constant pursuit of illusions of the mind 
The false owner of the inner world 

 

The powerful of this world or professional occultism
What and who is a human being?

The problems of safety and fear

           

Let us investigate where those concepts of danger and safety came from. They were created by the dual mind. If there is a danger zone there should also be a safe (danger-free) zone.

            How did the mind ascend the throne? It did so with a motto of “Safety.” Look, it’s one of the basic things constantly troubling a human being – one’s personal safety. One never feels in complete safety. Do you know a single person who feels totally safe? Do you yourself feel totally safe?

Do you think a soldier at war throws himself at a tank because he is not afraid of anything anymore or because he came to such a threshold that he is unable to sustain his fear any longer?

            What is fury? How is wrath born? Why does one get irritated? Is not fear a common ground of those emotions? If you are not afraid – would you be wrathful or furious? If one is not in fear, one is usually calm. So, where is the root of all this? Logically, it is fear. Personality fears the loss of the known. Fear – is a reaction of the mind toward something which does not belong to its conceptual framework. It appears that mind, trying to escape from fear, starts to fight with itself. If it were not for the mind, one would not have a concept of “danger – safety.” They are two points on one scale, two sides of one coin. You say: “Dangerous,” and at the same time think about a safe, danger-free environment. How can one find out what “safety” is?  In order to do that, we need to know what “danger” is. Both concepts are creations of the mind.

            Why do they say that the mafia is eternal? Let’s take a person who decided to start a business and opened a small shop. Some “strong” guys show up and say, “We are going to protect you, and you are going to pay us for protection.” He says, “Actually, we work in a nice neighborhood, and we don’t have any gangsters around here. I never had any problems here…”

“You have not had any problems? Hm, strange. OK, we will see you in a few weeks.”

Next day his car is burned down, and store windows are shattered. A week later they show up again and ask: “So, how are you? Is everything quiet here?”

“No, I have a problem. The store was broken into…”

“OK. Didn’t we tell you that it is not safe around here? We better protect you.”

Is this not how the mind works?

In reality, the body coming into this world is threatened with danger: it may not be born at all, it may not be delivered properly, it may be given a wrong shot, and it may just perish. All this can happen. The threat to the body really exists. But let us take a look at what happens to the child as it grows up. I think you will agree that the most important thing for parents, especially for the mother, is physical well-being, security, and health of the baby. Anxiety related to real and most of the time possible, far-fetched problems connected to the safety of the child is transmitted to the child. The child is constantly being told what to be afraid of. The problem of safety is being reinforced in one’s mind from early childhood.

            We are saying that the mind promises to provide this security to the body. In reality we all know that something can happen to our body: we can get hit by a car, war can start any minute, we can fall and be hurt, etc.

            For the human being who lived during the time of the mammoths, the threat of bodily injury was constant. Therefore, for safety he used a stick in the beginning, then the arrow, then the tank, and then the atomic bomb. That is how the human the mind progresses toward solving the problem of personal safety. It did so under the motto of protection from danger. But it itself created the deadly weapon, threatening one in return. Can you see how simultaneously two sides of one medal are being developed. Talks about security and simultaneously creates danger.

            I don’t want to deny the fact that, the body of each and every one of us, at a certain moment, one way or another, will be destroyed. This is a fact. But based on this fact one’s mind creates constant threat and gives birth to constant fear. Around this fact people create philosophical and religious systems. The mind promises to provide a safe situation and positions itself as a professional. It says “I will solve it. I will solve this problem.” And then it proceeds to create religious systems, introduces the concept of karma, eternal life, etc.

            I don’t want to discuss now if it exists in reality or not. I just want to say that the mind pretends to be able to solve the problem of life and death. I understand the rationale of this when we talk about the physical protection of the body. For example, one is working with fire and he needs to protect himself from burns. He creates some kind of burn-proof garment. Another gets under water and creates a waterproof diving suit. Thought working in a technical direction creates necessary conditions which are the necessary to the body.

            Technical methods and solutions are necessary and they are not being negated by me. I do not deny scientific-technical progress and gladly use some of its products. But the mind pretends to achieve something else. The main problems arise not because someone decided on a different brand of AC in his house. Look how many years we had a cold war between US and USSR. And do you think it did not reflect in the psychology of people on both sides? During the cold war there were people committing suicide saying that atomic war is imminent and everyone will perish anyhow. The Russian people were saying,” Its OK if we didn’t get a paycheck this month. Pray not to have a war.”  What is it, but not the work of the mind? What is it, but not a similar problem, born in the mind of a certain group of people who, irrespective of how paradoxically it may sound, pretend to take on the role of saviors of the country, nation, and humanity. The same principle is being used by politicians. Divide and rule. They come, divide, and then say: “I know how to solve it now.”

            The external world reflects the mechanism of work of mind which is working in each and every one of us.

            So, what is fear? Where does it come from? In reality, fear may be that basic force which moves one, which does not know anything but the dual mind.

Psychological and physical time. The mind – is thought, thought – is time…    

What is thought? Is thought time? And what is physical time? Is it different from psychological time? For example, tomorrow I need to wake up at 9 am. What do I do? I set the alarm clock to 9 am. I agreed to meet my friend at Kursk train station at 10 am. He knows where it is, and I know where it is; we are both on Moscow time.  If nothing unexpected happens, we will meet as agreed. This is an illustration of the usefulness of knowing physical time and space.

But did you notice that sometimes a minute can be as spread out as a full day, while sometimes a day can fly by as one minute? Is there a difference between psychological and physical time? If there is, then what is the mechanism of this psychological time? Why does it sometimes move so fast and sometimes slows down?

            When the mind finds something interesting, time speeds up. And when the mind is interested, what happens to the mind?

            Again, what is time? We just figured out, that when the mind is interested many thoughts pass through our head. Many thoughts. What does it mean? Is it feasible for two or more thoughts to simultaneously appear in one’s mind?

            How is it related to psychological time? What is psychological time? When does it speed up, and when does it slow down? If thought is time; is time without thoughts possible? If thought were absent, would time be possible at all?

            Because the necessity of time in the physical world is obvious to a human being, he decides it should also exist in his internal world. This is obvious to the mind. The mind is thought. Thought is time. Why do we always want to postpone solving a problem, to think it over? We constantly stretch something; both pleasure and displeasure. Who is interested in it? The mind. This is its way of controlling a human being.

            Thought and time are products of the mind. It supports them and views them as something obvious.

            And what then of the immortality some people are so eager to have?  Immortality, as the mind sees it, is a constant continuity of thoughts, albeit the same thoughts. If the mind were immortal, it would infinitely reproduce the same and the same. 

            Therefore, what do we see? We can see the transfer of laws of the physical world into the psychological world, and the appearance of physical time and space there. Moreover, mind received limitless power and strength of control there. Because, mind is thought and the mind is space. And now the mind rules there as owner, while the human being does not even question that it can be any different.

One looks at the physical world, the world of solid bodies and says, “Yes, of course, there is time, there is space, and I act as it is given; how can I act otherwise?” And one does not question it, does not even understand that the internal world can operate in any other way. And the mind will never say that. In this reality of chronological time and three-dimensional space, the mind is king and nothing can replace it.

            And then we have what we have. Because the conditioned mind and dual thought are sadness and suffering; the mind’s essence is separation and conflict.

            What happens in your internal world?

The ideal – the constant pursuit of illusions of the mind

The world of forms, the physical world is material. Space and time are present there. If I want to meet someone, I will agree on a certain time and arrive to at a certain place at that particular time. If I don’t know where the place or time of the meeting is, we are not going to meet. That is why one cannot disregard time and space in physical world.

            Now, let us look at what happens in psychological world. We can call the internal world of a human being the psychological world. How is the psychological world of the majority of people made? Does it look like the external, material, physical world? How does one lives in this internal psychological world?

            What kind of questions and problems develop there? Let us say that someone is accepted by a university and spends five years studying there. Why did he go there? What kind of internal necessity drove him there? What did he say if asked? Most likely he would say, “I want to be a specialist in this field,” or “I want to have a higher education.” Now, the question is, “Why does he want to become someone?” One may answer, “Lawyers are making a lot of money, and that is why I want to be one.” Or, he can say, “Without higher education I will not have a career and will become a street sweeper.”

            In reality, we see that the majority of people consider that they need to become someone in order to receive some kinds of goods and pleasures they want to have. Therefore, in order to get them, one needs to become someone one is presently not. What is similar in the answers of those people? We can see that their internal world has an image of oneself, i.e. present and desired; in other words they have spot B at which they want to arrive for one or another reason. Next there is a process of transfer from spot A to spot B.

Take a psychologist for example. What do they do? They are professionals at solving the problems of the internal world. What is a problem in a nutshell? A problem is dissatisfaction. Someone comes and says, “I am like this now, but I want to be different.” And a conversation follows on how to make it better. And nobody, pays attention to this, nobody questions how the problem is positioned. It appears self evident that this particular human being is not very “good” at the present time from religious, psychological, moral or some other point of view. Everyone agrees on this, both the client and the professional. More than that, economics, politics, and education are built upon that premise. You have to be smarter – go learn.  You have to be healthier – go to the gym. Your figure is not the best – go shape yourself. Is not everything around us based on that concept? Economy? Business? I don’t have something, therefore I need something. I want to transfer from state A to state B.

            All of this tells us that the internal psychological world one builds is based on the laws of the physical, material world. Then what do we have in our psychological world? We sense a constant, chronic state of deficiency and consider this state to be self explanatory. That is why we constantly try to correspond to some kind of ideal image of our self and reach it with the help of one or another method. As soon as internally we agreed to strive toward some kind of ideal image of ourselves, immediately we have a chronic problem which requires application of a constant effort. And then psychological time appears. Now I start thinking and planning something, i.e. the mind is getting involved in this work. Actually, it was never turned off. It is always on. It constantly works and constantly “improves” one. It says “You are not polite enough. But it is OK; we are going to correct it. Your speech is not perfect; we are going to improve it too. You have a problem; we are going to solve it.” That is how the mind works, and that is what it collects energy for.

            And what kind of ideal image of yourself do you pursue?

                                     

The false owner of the inner world

The world we see using physical vision – is a material world. What does it mean? It means one can physically touch it. I can touch a table. I can touch a tree. I can touch a stone on the road. I can touch an automobile. This is material. This is material reality. It changes.       

Two thousand years ago a completely different reality existed in the place where you are currently sitting. There were no big houses. Cars were not driving through the streets. Everything was completely different. Years were passing by. Physical reality was changing. A lot is brought into this physical reality by human beings who physically embodied some of their thoughts. You live in houses and drive cars. There were no houses here before, but then skyscrapers were built. Does reality change? It does.

            In what way does it change? It is being changed by a human being who stores and increases certain knowledge of physical reality. He learned how to do many things. He discovered electricity and built cars. Multiple gadgets appeared which made life more comfortable. We see science developing. New technologies are being created which bring more and more comfort into our life. TVs were small, and now they are huge. All this is a result of the movement of a human thought. Thought, which then materialize, create some kind of physical reality which has more comfort and more physical possibilities. This is called technical-scientific progress. Now let us take a look at it from a different point of view. Physical technical-scientific progress exists, but can we say that internal, psychological, spiritual progress exists? You understand that I am talking about a different sphere now. Can I physically touch and feel the psychological world of any given human being? Can I touch someone’s psychological world as I touch a car or any other physical object?

            This is a different world. How was this world created? What kinds of laws govern this world? Who created this world?

Every human being has an internal world. Inside this world is where all the main problems are, where life’s problems are. I am talking not about problems of technical-scientific progress, not about problems of comfort, salary increase, i.e. what is being realized and present in the external world. I am talking about problems that create psychological and physical suffering. I am talking about problems which for every human being are of the utmost importance, whether one is aware of them or not. I am talking about problems philosophers, religious leaders, and psychologists are trying to solve. They do not occupy themselves with material things nor do they create new technologies. They pursue different things. They study the internal world. They try to tell us they can solve these life problems.

            It is interesting to see how they solve them. And it is interesting to see how they pose these problems. Because, depending on how the problem is positioned it will be solved in the future. Problems can be positioned in such a way that one can only arrive at a certain definitive result.  

            So, what is happening in our internal world? What kind of questions do we have there? How do we put them? How do we solve them? As far as I understand it, if you are still reading this, you are interested in these questions. These questions bother every single human being, but not every one is aware of them, and not everyone is ready to spend time and make any efforts to solve them.

            How can one approach one’s own internal world? What is happening there? What did I create there? What laws operate there? Why do I suffer? Why I am not satisfied with what is there? Who is an owner there? Who decides what should and should not be in my internal world?

            If we look at this, we may see that the apparatus which is used by a human being to solve the problems of an external world, i.e. technical problems, is being used to position and solve the problems of the internal world. The same apparatus tries to solve these problems. And this apparatus is mind. The mind operates not only in the external world, where its work is justified, but also in an internal world, where its work and actions are not justified. This is not the sphere one can enter with this apparatus. But, because the majority of people don’t know differently, they try to use it everywhere. 

            What does mind do when it turns toward the internal world of a human being and tries to create something there? It does the same thing it did working in an outside world. It uses the same concepts. It is impossible to create technologies working with one or another form of matter not using concepts of time and space. Everything is built on that. The mind transfers it all into the internal world. That is why inside the internal world of a human being, in his psychological world, time and space are present. This is very important. Because as a result of this mind gets complete power inside the internal, psychological world. That is where separation, conflicts, sufferings, wars are coming from as an effect.

And all this is in a view of the fact that we have multiple psychological, philosophical, religious doctrines, concepts, and directions; all of them have not changed much. We can see that. Did the internal world of people change? If the internal world of people changes, the external world should also change. But we can see that the external world did not change. Wars and conflicts not only have not been resolved, but their frequency and severity is exacerbated. With so many concepts, so many smart thoughts, and so many important philosophers, why does it not change anything? Maybe something very important is missing? Maybe something very important is lost – the capability toward self-knowledge and understanding of true “I”, understanding of reality.

                                                             

The powerful of this world or professional occultism    

                                     

What is your perception of life? Do you want to spend your life defining and explaining life or spend it living it? Many people try to explain life. They write big books and create multiple conceptual models and systems explaining it. They try to confine life to their view and call it “The investigation of life.”

            There are many people who study, investigate, and define love. I remember a few years ago there was a famous writer. He wrote a lot about love, and I think this guy did not have time to love, because he spent all his time writing about it. There are people who write a lot or contemplate life. Can one think about life and live it simultaneously? May one enjoy beauty and think about beauty?

            I went to a concert once accompanied by a professional musician. I was seating listening to a violin concert of Beethoven. Meanwhile she was constantly touching my hand saying: “how can one play this way? They are not keeping the pause long enough here. Their instrument is not tuned properly.” This person is a professional of the art. Pay attention here, she played multiple classical pieces. She knows the biographies of Mozart, Beethoven, and many other composers. She can tell us many stories about them. But how does she listen to this beautiful music? She listens professionally.

            The professional is the one who knows: “How.” Professionalism is a question of technique. The professional is the one who can and knows: “How.” “How?” – is a method, a technique.

            For example, a professional driver knows different ways to handle a car during difficult situations. A professional surgeon knows how to open up someone’s belly and remove an appendix using many different techniques. Professionals are usually proud of and talk about different methods. What is a party of professionals? It is a collection of people who get together and start to discuss a question of: “How?” One says: “This needs to be done this particular way, while another retorts: “No, this should be done that way.” The third one introduces some other method, etc. They have certain gradations, stages, and steps of professionalism. They use degrees and awards to distinguish each other.

            Professionalism usually appears in a technical world. I understand this word in very broad terms, as technical world is present in the art, science, and religion.

            May one be a professional of life? For example, people come to one such specialist and ask him: “How should we live?” He replies: “This is my profession, I will tell you everything.” What does it mean to be a professional? It means he or she has a very broad vision, and knows: “How.” In this concrete case, this concrete human being can be called professional of life, i.e. one who knows how to live.

            This is funny, but see how many people make a living around it. And who are they? They are professionals. Suddenly astrologist, meditators and others pop up. Let’s take any system. At the top of the system there is one big professional and many smaller professionals, who distribute this system. They teach how to live. A huge army of professionals exists now in religious, esoteric, and psychological worlds.

            This is a business. However, this is such a sphere where it is extremely difficult to determine or prove something. And it is almost impossible, because everything is based on faith.

The professional occultist can be spotted miles away. Because he is interested in the question: “How?” He answers questions. He does not ask questions, he answers them. Moreover, he answers every single question. He always has a collection of methods. His methods are the best.

            Actually it is sufficient to take one professional hunter in order to understand what professional hunters are all about. One may take one professional administrator in order to understand what an administrator is. It is possible to take a professional wizard to understand what wizards are. Because the professional sphere has a certain pattern one just needs to learn. If one enters this sphere, there is a certain image one needs to correspond to; there are many variations but in a nutshell they all boil down to the same thing. That is why all professionals look alike.

            For example, what is a real healer? How is he different from an unreal healer? When a mother kisses a child who fell and hurt himself she might have never heard of healers and healing. She just loves and kisses him. Is she a real or unreal healer? The kid stops crying and the pain resolves.

            Someone comes dressed in an exotic costume, icons pined all over him, and start to move his hands up and down finally charging 100 dollars for his visit. The patient is impressed to the point of forgetting what was hurting. He just forgot. He was impressed and shocked.

            In reality all these professional mysteries and methods are quite simple. But professionals of science, magic, occultism are not interested in opening up their professional secrets. Who would feel reverence and respect toward science, academicians, and professors if they did not write those smart books which nobody except them can even read? This is all attributes. Some kind of an image, projection they create. One may take a “short-legged idea,” and cover it up in expensive cloth, sewn from concepts and ideas. Something has been created and now many people start to believe in it. One professional will not “pluck the eyes” of another professional. They both understand that their professionalism is based on an illusion of the mind. They are both interested in the creation of an image of importance. Understanding or not, they do create this image. And what is behind it? Most often we are dealing with simple and primitive things. Only nobody will ever disclose this secret. One who finds it – knows, and one who does not can be easily fooled. All this, in my opinion, is not that serious. Who wants to fool around will fool around. In principal, it happens in different spheres and walks of life.

            But there is an important aspect here. Let’s say some con men are fooling some people. Both want to get money easily. That is why they seek each other out and play these games. All this is circling around money. Conmen don’t say that they teach living, they are interested in money; while professional occultists say exactly that.

They talk about interesting and very important things. They talk about truth, beauty, harmony, health, and other things. Professionals of life talk about eternal values. The appearance is being created that they have answers to the most important questions.

If you want to learn the English language you go to an English language teacher. If you want to learn how an automobile works, you go to a mechanic who knows how it is made. If you want to know what truth and life is, similarly, you try to find a corresponding professional. The same approach is applied everywhere.

            A professional knows answers to the questions and knows methods.  He knows “How?” If one, who positions himself as a professional, is unable to answer the question “How?” or “What happens to me?” or is unable to explain what needs to be done, he would not be a professional. Therefore, what do you think the professional is concerned with? Beauty and harmony? No. They have different, more earthbound and practical interests. Professionals are interested in professional things. They are interested in a number of techniques and answers to question “Why?” And they also like to foresee the future. To do that one doesn’t need to be an astrologer. One just needs to ask a person what he had prior to this moment. The exact same thing will follow. So, those professional secrets in reality are quite simple. However, for many people they represent something so important, they start “praying” to them and, as a consequence become dependent and enslaved.

            No one can be a professional of life. No one. Life has to be lived. That’s why to explain and define life is just wasting one’s time and energy. At least I would not try it. I prefer living. But one can investigate those who try to explain and define life. That is what I do. And it is very interesting to investigate the mind which stands between Life and us. It is precisely what prevents us from seeing it as a whole. The mind with its distorted vision, with its half closed lens tries to be everywhere we look. It always gets its nose into everything.

            Imagine an amazing waterfall which is being blocked by a huge wall. People are very keen on finding out what that waterfall is. They pierce the wall with small holes and now everyone can look through them. And what do they see? One sees a fly sitting on a hole and, not having any idea what a waterfall is, says:” A waterfall is a fly.” Another looks and see a tree, and third person something else. All of them talk about it adamantly “I saw it. I know!”

            There is a new and interesting business spreading around – spiritual business. Look what happens. Some big and important teachers show up and say: “We have a magic mantra. It is going to cure you. Just make sure you don’t ever tell anyone what it is.” The cloud of secrecy is being created. One starts to repeat something. It is irrelevant what he was given. I can ask you to repeat any given concoction of words, for example “Coca-Cola,” “Herbalife,” or “Toyota Camry.” What is going to happen to your brain? It will get somewhat dulled, and one imagines that it quieted down. Actually, the main source of agitation and anxiety has not been resolved. Just because I told you “Coca-Cola,” and you were repeating it for two hours, does not mean you were freed from your personality. Nothing has changed. But, the illusion of change was created. You start to believe that you are doing some kind of important work – meditation. But this is not meditation at all.

            It cannot bring anything. Dullness of the mind is not equivalent to calmness of the mind. There are people, let us say, on the dull side. Their mentation process is very slow. Does it mean they have a quiet mind? No, it is just dull. Any mechanical action leads to dullness. And this is what it is all about. What do you do when you mechanically repeat a mantra, prayer, positive statement, or something of this nature? You repeat the same thing over and over again. And how is it different from any other habit? Another habit is being formed which leads to dullness of the mind. Not toward liberation of the mind, but to its dullness.

            Many people talk about meditation, not understanding what it is? This is not a reflection, not a concentration, and not a flight in an astral body…

Thinking – is a function of the mind. Don’t you think so? Thinking – are thoughts. Then it follows that meditation is an activity of the mind. But meditation is something completely different. Meditation is something where the mind is not acting. It is a state outside of the mind. Concentration – is an action of the mind. Thinking – is an action of the mind.

 

   What and who is a human being?  

What is a human being? Who are those creatures populating the Earth and calling themselves humans? Maxim Gorky used to say, “Human being – it sounds proudly.” Many think that humans are the highest creatures on earth. I question this. If that is the case, and the human being is really the highest creature, how many of such people populate the face of the Earth?

There are many human-robots, acting mechanistically. Who are they? Are they human beings or not? If you tell someone that he is not a human being, but a robot, it would be considered a grave insult. Not many people would like that.

            So, what is a human being? When one is born, people say a new man is born. What happens to him in the process of development or growing up? Personality or ego is formed. What is it? Is it not a certain collection of habits, people call character traits? Actually, a character is a stereotypical way of reacting to the external and internal stimuli of outside milieu. It’s a mechanism.

            I would like to figure out if personality can be equated with a human being? We have a body and that part which forms later, i.e. personality. When we talk about someone, we talk about his personality, right? We can say that he is good, kind, truthful, punctual or suspicious, jealous, envious, irritable, etc. There are quite a few definitions of personality, and the majority understands and equates personality with a human being.

            But, if a human being is a supreme creature, and it sounds proudly, then why does he live this way? If we impartially look at how people live, it is impossible not to see constant conflicts in relationships leading to wars and murder. Is it possible for someone to call himself a supreme being and at the same time participate in killing of other similar creatures? And this destruction occurs even without a biological necessity. Animals eat each other in nature. But they only do it when they are hungry. Humans do not eat humans, but at the same time the number of people killed by people is enormous. May such a being call himself supreme?

            If we assume that a human being is a supreme creature, can such a creature call himself a human being? Someone may say, “Yes, some people kill. But those are bandits. I am not one of them. I am not doing it and I would never be able to.” But is this true? Does not every single human being posses everything that is present in the whole of humanity? Does not every human being contribute to what has happened and is happening on the face of the earth? War, conflict – is a consequence of separation, fragmentation of the perception of the human being himself, when one fragment of the brain condemns and criticizes another fragment. And that is the main reason for all conflicts and wars. But does not every single one of us have this separation? Is it not true that every single one of us brings this separation into the world we live in? Can one call himself a human being if one is internally divided?

            Maybe you are just afraid of the law and punishment and that is what precludes you from carrying out your internal and external conflicts to do something legally forbidden? Deep down the essence and the cause of every conflict is the same. It is internal psychological separation. Let’s say I have some convictions which I am not willing to change. And that is assuming I have never been in conflict with the law. Does it mean that I have not contributed my part to the conflicts and wars happening around the world? Is it not true that not only we are not ready to part with our convictions and beliefs, but that we constantly force them on others?

            Here is a good example. I am sitting in front of the TV watching another brutal conflict saying: “What is going on? It must stop. What does the government looks at?” But, am I not the same? Can I easily give up my convictions? Have I never tried to force them on somebody else? So, what is a human being?

            Human beings have quite a strong tendency to reproduce and to survive. Multiple species of animals and plants were unable to survive in the rapidly changing environment of the Earth or can only survive in certain places that had a required milieu. Humans on the other hand survive in different circumstances and conditions. This is one of the distinguishing characteristics of the species – the ability to adapt and survive in changing circumstances, not only physical but also psychological.

            And that is why to a certain individual human being the conditions of other people may seem to be nightmarish and unbearable. He says that it is better not to live at all than live in those conditions. However, if one talks to those other people, it may become obvious that those people are quite content with the way they live, do not want to change anything. Humans, having developed extreme survival skills, can adapt to almost anything. But this is life in hell. It is a hellish life if you look at it impartially.

            Human beings get used to anything – in war, in jail, in extremely unbearable and crazy circumstances one will find his pleasures and sorrows. And in the process, one says that this is how it is and it could not be different. A human being gets used to anything, but if one looks impartially at how people live, the question comes up: is this life worthy of the superior being? And the second question follows: who created those creatures and subjected them to such a life? If humans are superior beings, is this the way these beings should lead their lives? Or should humans carry out some other role? And his amazing survivability, adaptability, unwillingness to consciously change himself is it needed by nature for some other aims? Nature would not allow this particular species development if she were not satisfied. Therefore, for one reason or another, this particular development is acceptable to her. But is it acceptable for the human being himself?

            If we look at the situation impartially, we can see that the majority of people don’t want anything else. Yes, many would say they are discontented with the way things are, but not many are ready for any serious changes in their own life. Not simply to discuss it, but to act. So, what kind of species are we? What is it – to be human? May be it is just a potential for becoming human? Maybe this is just a possibility to become a human being? May be, as a butterfly is born from a cocoon, a Human being can be born from that, what we call “human” now. Maybe every single one of us has an opportunity to become Human, but is not using it, because he considers that he already is one. But then what is this human being currently?

            What do we have? First, one has a body. A body gives one the opportunity to be present in the material world: move, do something, see, hear, feel something of this material world. And what is present in the body, what directs it?

What would psychologists say about it? They would talk about personality: its formation, peculiarities, characteristics, factors shaping it. They would bring multiple definitions and classifications of personality and methods describing it.

            But what is personality? They say in Russian “one has to become a personality.” The adolescent is being told:” You are not a personality yet, but you may become one.” There are certain expectations of what a real personality is. For example, there are expectations of what the real male personality is, as well as what the real female personality is. And these are being looked at during child’s upbringing. Upbringing itself is a process of formation of these personality traits, peculiarities of character. So, what is being formed in the body: the human being or the personality? In my opinion it is a very serious question. As you can see, it is not self-evident to me that the personality and the human being are the same. I suppose the human being is something completely different. Therefore, I ask, what is it they try to instill in a child? And it seems to me, this is precisely personality. The compilation of certain views, beliefs, habits, traits and peculiarities; all of which allow the formation of something in this particular body, that is called personality; and then to allow this personality to enter the society.

            A country needs workers and soldiers. The process we are discussing allows a child to become another worker or a soldier society needs. So who is it that brings up the child: parents or society? To whom does the child belong? It appears that the child belongs to his parents, and it is through parents that society brings up and inoculates the traits it requires. Parents are already members of the society. Now they have a new body in which they need bring up, to create a personality which would become another member of society. So, who owns this personality: the parents or society? And yet another question: to whom do the parents belong? Is there anyone here who can say that he belongs to nobody? If one is to look objectively, one can see that everything the majority of people usually call a “human being” is personality; while personality is a compilation of something programmed by society. There is nothing there, but what already exists in society. It is a certain fragment of society, which is called personality.

            So, what is a human being? What is a personality? Does personality want to become a human being?

            What is personality? It is simply a fragment of society, which incorporated certain beliefs, views, convictions, and opinions which already exist in one or another stratum of society. Is personality then something individual? What happens when this personality disappears? 

            You probably know how an automobile is assembled. Many different parts are taken and then are put together. And this becomes an automobile. And what if I were to meticulously disassemble all this, what one calls an automobile, into separate pieces, and then put them in different places. Would one still be able to call this collection of separate parts an automobile? Just recently there was an automobile. Now, there is just a collection of certain parts. Can you call it an automobile?

            So, what is personality? When different fragments of some convictions, believes, thoughts concentrate in one place, let’s say in the body and also inside the mind, this entire conglomerate is being called a personality. And what if we were to take this personality and brake it down into separate parts, i.e. all those different convictions, beliefs, and opinions of which it consists of. What would be left behind? Is there anything left?

            Let’s take a concrete personality. Let’s assume that it has certain convictions. Every single one of them, I am going to pick up separately and put aside. It has certain beliefs. I will take them, separate them and put them aside. Then, it has certain preferences; let us say of a physical nature. These, I will also separate and put aside. What will I have left? I have just divided this personality into the many parts of which it was composed.

            Every single part I am going to return to the source it originally came from. For example, one is convinced that only communism can save the country. He has this strong conviction because he is a communist. I will take this conviction and return it to where it is belongs, i.e. the communist society. Next, we take some other conviction. For example, the conviction that aa man should lead a woman, or a reverse one, that a woman should lead a man. Again, I would take this conviction and return it to where it originally came from.  Do you think I will be able to find all the sources from which these convictions came? Yes, these are certain fragments of society. Certain convictions are concentrated in certain parts of a given society, i.e. in certain groups of people-carriers of these convictions. Therefore, every single personality can be sliced into building blocks and these blocks can be returned to where they were taken from. What would be left of a personality as a result of this action?

            A human being is sometimes called a social animal. We can see that a human being is composed of social parts, i.e. parts that came from society, and also of animal parts. And if we were to take all that are brought in by society, and this is personality, we would have just an animal walking on two legs.

            We have said that the mind is a headquarters of personality formation. Certain convictions, beliefs, and opinions are introduced into it. Then the mind starts to use the heart, the emotional sphere in order to feed those concepts with energy. And what do we have then? A social animal? But usually the animal kills another animal only when it is hungry, when instinct drives it to look for food. A human being, on the other hand, can kill another human being not because of hunger, but because of some ideas that were born in his personality. So, what does this socially added structure, i.e. personality, gives us? Does it make one more humane in comparison to other animals?

            Now, take a look at the evolution the human animal made in transferring from the animal state to the state of the social animal. An animal does not have convictions; it cannot kill because of convictions. It can kill only when it is hungry. A personality, on the other hand, will kill because of convictions. For example, out of the conviction that it is the most powerful one or from its desire to posses something: a woman, a man, a town, status, a car, a building, a corporation, etc.

            Physiologic hunger can be satisfied by a certain quantity of food. The hunger of Personality is insatiable. Vanity, jealousy, wrath, grudges are all reactions of a personality to unsatisfied desires. To satisfy these desires a personality can kill others. And, what is most important, it will do it deliberately. One can premeditate a murder. Who else on the face of the Earth can premeditate a murder?

            Let’s take war. Multiple lives are taken by wars. Generals deliberate how to better destroy the enemy. This is an organized murder and it takes huge number of lives. Of course, we can say that is not related to us personally. I did not kill anyone and I am not about to kill anyone. But does not every single one of us carry his own separateness and conflict?